Chueca is a neighborhood of downtown Madrid, named after its main square, Plaza de Chueca. Chueca is globally famous, courtesy of its high-spirited atmosphere and lively nightlife scene. It is also known as Madrid’s gay neighborhood.
Malasaña is a district brimming with bohemian and hipster urbanites, a Mecca of vintage looks and underground culture in Madrid. In the festive 1980s, Malasaña witnessed the birth of the movida madrileña, a countercultural movement that revolutionized the arts, culture and Spanish society at large during the Spanish transition after Francisco Franco’s death in 1975.
La Latina is a historic neighborhood in the Centro district of downtown Madrid， which occupies the place of the oldest area in Madrid. The narrow and winding streets of this irregularly laid-out area, mostly dating back to the Middle Ages, usually lead onto a square.
El Rastro, the most popular open air flea market in Madrid, is located in this neighborhood. It is thought that the market got its name from the trail left by the carcasses of animals being taken from the abattoir and the tanneries in the area. Today it is home to over 1,000 vendors, who are there on Sundays and public holidays from about nine in the morning until 3 pm.
Lavapiés lies in the southeast part of almond-shaped central Madrid. As in the neighboring Barrio de La Latina, the streets here are steep, narrow and maze-like, which reminds us that the area emerged in the Middle Ages as a quarter outside the walled town soon after Madrid became the capital of the kingdom in 1561.